Thousands of maimed soldiers, war widows and orphans across England and Wales submitted petitions for welfare payments in response to their injuries and bereavements sustained in the Civil Wars. The petitions were often accompanied by certificates to prove that the claimants to military welfare were genuine cases. Sometimes these were provided by the medical practitioners who had tended their wounds. Sometimes they were drafted by military officers, confirming that the claimant had served under their command. In other instances, they were drawn up by a claimant’s neighbours who were eager to reduce their parish’s poor rate by securing a county pension for the claimant.