Petitions and Certificates

Thousands of maimed soldiers, war widows and orphans across England and Wales submitted petitions for welfare payments in response to their injuries and bereavements sustained in the Civil Wars. The petitions were often accompanied by certificates to prove that the claimants to military welfare were genuine cases. Sometimes these were provided by the medical practitioners who had tended their wounds. Sometimes they were drafted by military officers, confirming that the claimant had served under their command. In other instances, they were drawn up by a claimant’s neighbours who were eager to reduce their parish’s poor rate by securing a county pension for the claimant.

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'The endeavours of your servants': Oliver Cromwell, Military Welfare and Civil War Petitions

The figure of Oliver Cromwell looms large over the history of the Civil Wars. The working farmer who rose to…

A Vengeful Vicar and a Martyred Mother: The Petition of James Bamlett

It is the job of historians to read all sources critically, an especially important consideration when examining sources from the…

Aristocratic Widowhood and Bereavement: The Household Accounts of Katherine, Lady Brooke

Whilst our project showcases the petitions for welfare penned for the war widows of officers and soldiers, it touches less…

‘And they called for their pints of beer and bottles of sherry…’: veterans and war widows as brewers and alehouse-keepers.

Beer was a staple drink for men, women and even children in early modern Europe, as it was far less…

The War Wounds of Sir Thomas Fairfax

Looking back on his military service during the Civil Wars, Thomas 3rd Lord Fairfax penned his Short Memorials during the…

They also served

The Civil War Petitions project team frequently agonises over whether to include or reject individuals (or their relations) who were…

The personal cost of war: injuries from firearms and their treatment during the Civil Wars

This is the final instalment in our trilogy of blogs on medical care written for us by Prof. Stephen M.…

Wounds, battlefield trauma, and their survivability in the British Civil Wars

This week's blog is the second in a trilogy of blogs which have been written for us by our colleague…

‘Manie dangerous woundes and shotts’: The physical impact of gunshot wounds in the British Civil Wars

It is a pleasure for Civil War Petitions to be able to introduce our first blog written by our scientist…

‘For the dead fathers sake’: Orphans, Petitions, and the English Civil Wars

Orphanhood – the loss of one’s parents or parent, generally a father – was commonplace in early modern England. According…